Our genes play a significant role in skin aging as they influence when the skin changes begin to occur. This type of aging is called intrinsic aging, and we have no control over the process. However, the skin can be rejuvenated through laser therapy and other skin treatment procedures.
Some rare genetic conditions can also cause your skin to age faster. These conditions include the Werner Syndrome, which only affects one in one million people, and the Hutchinson-Gilford syndrome, which affects one in eight million children. These conditions cause the skin to wrinkle and age at a faster rate.
Exposure to sunlight is a major contributor to the aging of the skin. When exposed to sunlight, UV rays penetrate the skin and cause damage to elastin and collagen (connective fibers). At a young age, the damage caused by the sun may not be very noticeable, and the skin can even rejuvenate after getting damaged. With age, however, this damage becomes apparent.
A smoker’s skin ages faster than a nonsmoker’s skin of the same age, complexion, and living under similar conditions. This is because smoking deprives the skin of the necessary nutrients and oxygen, which are essential in maintaining its smooth, resilient, and healthy features. It also causes oxidative stress, which causes your skin to dry out and form wrinkles prematurely.
To reduce skin aging caused by smoking, you need to stop smoking. This will improve not only your skin’s condition, but also your overall health.
Other factors that are related to skin aging include:
- Environmental contaminants
- Alcohol intake